Obesity is a chronic relapsing disease that more and more people face. A sedentary lifestyle, disruption of the digestive system, bad habits, unbalanced diet, stress, hormonal problems - these and other factors lead to the fact that excess calories are not excreted from the body, but are transformed into fat deposits. Body weight and volume increase, and quality of life decreases.
Being overweight causes discomfort and affects your well-being. It is difficult for the body to "carry an additional weight", so the cardiovascular, respiratory systems, musculoskeletal system begin to suffer.When all attempts to get rid of extra pounds on their own are unsuccessful, bariatric surgery comes to the rescue in Kiev for the treatment of obesity.
Candidate of Medical Sciences Andrian Reyti approaches to the problem of overweight in a comprehensive manner. He attracts qualified surgeons, nutritionists, psychotherapists to the Center for Metabolic Surgery, because the treatment does not end immediately after the surgery. The path to a healthy aesthetic body requires resilience and discipline. Therefore, each patient must be mentally motivated and ready to achieve the desired result, be in good, and most importantly, healthy physical shape.
How does the process of losing extra pounds begin?
Surgical correction of obesity is not the first and not the final stage of correct and effective weight loss. First, you need to make an effort and try to lose weight and keep it under control with therapeutic therapies. For this, an individual diet and an effective physical activity plan are drawn up.
If the state of health does not allow you to actively engage in sports, and a balanced, proper diet is not enough to reduce body weight and volume, you should pay attention to innovative treatment methods. They are successfully applied in practice by Andrian Reiti, a surgeon with 21 years of medical experience. Thanks to the excess weight remove operation , patients are able to “shed” excess pounds in a relatively short period of time and return to a fulfilling life.
The first step is to make an appointment with a doctor at the Center for Metabolic Surgery. For maximum convenience and time savings, especially if the potential patient lives in another city or country, it is possible to conduct an online consultation. The specialist collects the anamnesis of the disease, determines which treatment is suitable for this case and whether there are any contraindications. During the conversation, the patient receives detailed information about the process of combating the disease and learns how much the operation for weight loss costs and what results to expect after it.
Metabolic laparoscopic procedures are intended for people with a body mass index of 40 kg / m2 and above. If this figure is even 35 kg / m2, and overweight is accompanied by serious health problems (eg, hypertension, diabetes, osteoarthritis, infertility, significant menstrual disorders) - this is also a good reason to resort to surgical treatment of obesity.
What types of operations exist
Medicine in the XXI century is developing rapidly. The Andrian Reiti Center of Metabolic Surgery uses the latest minimally invasive methods and state-of-the-art diagnostic and surgical equipment to combat excess weight. They allow you to perform complex operations without significant complications for the body and with a short rehabilitation period.Laparoscopic treatment of obesity is the ability to reduce the volume of the stomach or intestines and normalize metabolic processes. Thus, a person eat and satisfied with less food. Calories are quickly absorbed and do not turn into fat in the body. If you follow a diet, in the process of recovery you can "lose" up to 70-80% of excess weight and maintain these indicators stably.
Depending on the state of health, body mass index, the presence of comorbidities, the patient's expectations, qualified specialists of the Center for Metabolic Surgery Andrian Reiti offer several types of operations in case of obesity:
Gastric bandage. A special adjustable device in the form of a ring is placed on the upper part of the stomach. It divides the stomach into two sections: "small" (up to 50 ml) and "large". There is a small gap between them (its diameter can be adjusted). Feeling full quickly when eating. The patient does not overeat, but consumes the optimal number of calories. As a result, body weight begins to decline, because the body actively burns excess fat. After achieving the desired result, the bandage must be removed (also with endoscopy).
Intragastric baloons. This manipulation can be considered a preparation for the main operation, such as gastrectomy in case of obesity. In the cavity of the stomach with an endoscope set the silicone container in the form of a ball. Subsequently, it is filled with a special solution. As a result, you don't have to eat a lot to feel full. The body gets used to small portions, and the feeling of hunger is not felt. This allows you to defeat first-degree obesity and improve eating behavior. The silicone ball is installed for 6 months. During this period, the patient has a chance to lose 6-12 kg.
Sleeve gastroplasty (sleeve-resection). The operation is to remove the stretched side of the stomach, which produces ghrelin - the hunger hormone. Instead of the stomach, the surgeon forms a tube with a volume of up to 80 ml and a diameter of 1-1.5 cm. During the procedure, the intestines are not affected: the process of food advancement remains unchanged. Insulin production increases after surgery. It is responsible for converting glucose into energy, not fat. If you follow a diet, in the first year you can say goodbye to 50-60% of extra pounds.
Gastro shunting. The surgeon "changes" the trajectory of food during digestion. During the operation, a "small" stomach with a volume of up to 50 ml is formed. With the help of a special anastomosis, it is connected immediately to the small intestine. Small portions of food are enough to feel full. At the same time decreases the absorption of nutrients: fats, carbohydrates.
Mini-bypass shunting. This is one of the most popular types of bariatric surgery for obesity. The surgeon separates part of the stomach so that food during digestion enters from the "small" stomach to the small intestine. Unlike standard gastroshunting, this operation is performed faster and is characterized by rapid recovery after laparoscopic intervention.
Biliopancreatic shunting. This is the process of suturing the stomach and the reconstruction of the small intestine. To prevent complications (bile stasis, stone formation) after the procedure, the surgeon considers the option of removing the gallbladder. This surgery is designed to reduce calories and reduce fat absorption. BPS has a high chance of normalizing the body mass index and losing up to 80% of excess weight forever. The patient is required to eat a balanced diet, lead an active lifestyle, monitor sleep.
If you want to know more about the effectiveness of metabolic surgery, the process of rehabilitation on specific examples, pay attention to the reviews of gastrectomy for weight loss.
The operation was arranged. What's next?
The stage of preparation for the procedure begins. Passing tests, abdominal ultrasound, digestive FGDS, ECG and ECHO of the heart - a detailed examination in case of obesity and diagnosis can be done directly at the Center for Metabolic Surgery Andrian Reiti. There is also an inpatient department with modern wards to make the postoperative period as comfortable as possible, under the supervision of highly qualified specialists. Usually the term of stay in the Center is 1-3 days.
After discharge, doctors stay in touch with patients around the clock to monitor all post-procedure processes. The Center for Metabolic Surgery provides full information support for the next 2 years after bariatric surgery. This greatly encourages patients to follow the recommendations of doctors and always stay in aesthetic and healthy shape!